The majority of dairy farmers will tend to hire nutritionists or consult with them regularly in order to properly keep their cows healthy and on a regular diet. This helps to create a healthy supply of milk and a better life for the cattle.
Maintaining a highly nutritional diet will aid in the best milk production and overall health of the animal.
Herd nutritionists and dairy farmers aim to achieve a 50 to 60 percent range of the cow’s diet as plants like grass and other pasture.
The main types of feed come in two types. There is a wet feed or forage called silage, which will have mostly barley and corn as well as alfalfa in it. You also have the dry feed or forage which is considered the pasture which consists of alfafa hay, grass hay, or alfafa-grass mix hay. Depending on the type of farm, some farmers will choose to feed their cattle with a grouping of hay and the silage, however others will only feed their cattle with either silage or hay.
Types Of Live Stock Healthy Diets
The concentrate is the other major part of their cattle or livestock’s typical diet. The concentrate used is made up of fats, proteins, carbohydrates, and vitamins and minerals.
The primary sources of fat are tallow, vegetable oil, and protected fatty acids.
Corn gluten meal, soybean meal, distillers grains, and canola meal are the primary sources of protein.
The primary sources of carbohydrates are soyhulls, beet pulp, barley, molasses, corn, wheat, and oats. A lot of the modern milk farmers will grow corn, barley, wheat, and oats, and often process them and are then fed to their cows. Typically farmers will then purchase molasses, soyhulls, and beet pulp from feed mills. These sources of carbs are not the only carbohydrates used. Often other sources of carbs are required to meet nutritional guidelines and to compliment the types of forage used for their livestock.
Vitamins and Minerals
Primary sources of these are Magnesium, Calcium, Phosphorus, Selenium, Sodium, Chloride, Cobalt, Potassium, Iodine, Sulfur, Iron, Manganese, Zinc, Copper, B-vitamins, and A-D and E vitamins are also used. The minerals and the vitamins mentioned are necessary to promote the cows health and nutritional balance. The nutritionists and the farmers will verify that all the necessary nutrients remain present and balanced. In order to help the cows’ digestion and a way to be certain of the health of the cows, rebiotics and probiotics are often used, too.
The fats, proteins, and vitamins and minerals and other types of additives are then all mixed together in a type of food mill, brought to dairy farms, and are given to the cows as feed.
Many of these concentrate ingredients have a fairly standard quality, but some dairy farmers who are to larger commercial centers can take the opportunity of getting by-products from many food processors like potatoes and other fruit and vegetable waste.
The waste from these food processors are in fact a by-product to the dairy-feed industries. The dairy type of cows are great recyclers, being able to make these high nutritional value by-products a part of their diet, while at the same time reducing their intake of grain. dairy farmers are extra careful in selecting the ingredients for the diet of their dairy cows to ensure health and productivity of these cows.